Eczema has become a common term thanks to television commercials. Most people have heard the word Eczema but still, don’t understand what it is exactly. Generally, the term Eczema is related to skin conditions that become irritated or inflamed. Eczema affects about 3% of adults and up to 20% of children and infants in the United States.

Causes of Eczema

Unfortunately, the specific cause of eczema is unknown. However, it is known to be linked to the body’s immune system and its overactive response to an irritant. Generally, Eczema affects people whose families have a history of allergies. The most common causes of allergies include soaps, shampoo, conditioner, animal danger, beauty products, and household cleaners.

Symptoms of Eczema

  • Rash
  • Itching
  • Extremely dry skin
  • Thickened Skin
  • Scaly Skin
  • Flakiness
  • Bumps
  • Redness
  • Peeling


It’s important to avoid diagnosing yourself. You might have just read hundreds of online articles, including this one that has already convinced you that you have Eczema. However, it’s essential that you confirm this diagnosis with an expert such as an experienced dermatologist. Proper diagnosis is essential to treating eczema properly.

Eczema Treatment

Since Eczema causes itching that can lead to infection, the main focus is to relieve the itching. Dry skin is usually the cause of itching so moisturizers and creams are often recommended to patients with Eczema. You will be thankful for the relief it provides. Other common treatments include antibiotics, hydrocortisone, and antihistamines. Dermatologists will prescribe the best treatment for your specific condition. Avoid trying to treat yourself, because some treatments can cause the issue to become worse if you have mistaken the diagnosis.

How to Prevent Flare-ups

  • Avoid harsh laundry detergents
  • Avoid sudden changes in temperature
  • Moisturize frequently
  • Reduce stress
  • Avoid materials that make you itch such as wool
  • Avoid contact with harsh household cleaners
  • Avoid known allergens such as specific foods

Stick to What Works for You

If you are allergic to specific things make sure you do everything you can to avoid it. Allergies to soaps and detergents are easier to avoid compared to food allergies. For example, if you are allergic to tomatoes you would obviously avoid eating them. However, this means you also need to avoid tomato sauce, salsa and other foods that use tomatoes as an ingredient.

If you experience an allergic reaction that results in Eczema, seek medical attention immediately. A professional will help ease the itching and conduct an allergy test that will help prevent an outbreak in the future. If you are experiencing symptoms of Eczema contact a dermatologist immediately for further assistance.

Dr GDr. Georgette Rodriguez is a board-certified dermatologist in Miami, Florida who provides her patients with only the most advanced and up to date dermatologic care available. She received her medical degree from University of Florida College of Medicine and has been in practice 15+ years. Dr. Rodriguez accepts several types of health insurance. She is a diplomate of the American Board of Dermatology and the American Society for Mohs Surgery. She specializes in complete dermatology services including medical, cosmetic, and pediatric dermatology.  She is one of 14 doctors at Miami Veterans Affairs Healthcare System who specialize in Dermatology. To make an appointment, please call her office at 305-667-5480.